EXAMINATION STAGES

1. Preliminary Examination (Objective Type)

2. Main Examination (Written Test and Interview)

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION

The Preliminary examination consists of two papers:

  • Paper I – is a paper on General Studies – 200 marks
  • Paper II – is a paper on Aptitude Test- 200 marks
  • This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year in the various Services and Posts.

    Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in a year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination.

    MAIN (WRITTEN) EXAMINATION

    The Main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies Papers (Papers II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study.

    The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyse, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.

    The Main (written) Examination will consist of the following papers:

    For the optional papers in the Main Examination, UPSC has a list of about twenty-six subjects out of which any one subject has to be selected by the candidate.
    Qualifying Papers (Non-Ranking)
    Paper A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the languages included in the Eight Schedule to the Constitution. 300 Marks
    Paper B English 300 Marks
    Papers to be Counted for Merit (Ranking)
    Paper I Essay 250 Marks
    Paper II General Studies I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) 250 Marks
    Paper III General Studies II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250 Marks
    Paper IV General Studies III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250 Marks
    Paper V General Studies IV ( Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) 250 Marks
    Paper VI Optional Subject- Paper 1 250 Marks
    Paper VII Optional Subject- Paper 2250 Marks
    Subtotal (Written Test) 1750 Marks
    Personality Test (Interview) 275 Marks
    Grand Total 2025 Marks

    PERSONALITY TEST (INTERVIEW)

    The interview will carry 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks). Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part as well as interview) would determine their final ranking. (Ranking is based on score out of 2025 Marks). Candidates will be allotted to the various services keeping in view their ranks in the Examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various services and posts.

    The number of candidates to be summoned for interview will be about twice the number of vacancies to be filled.

    The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career. He will be asked questions on matters of general interest.

    The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate. In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs.

    Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgment, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

    The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.

    The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialized or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own State or Country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well-educated youth.


    Combined Defence Services (CDS) Examination for recruitment of various vacancies under Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Officers Training Academy. The exam pattern of UPSC CDS details given below…

    1. Written Exam:

    i. Written Exam consists of Objective Type questions and time duration 2hrs and maximum marks is 100 for each subject.

    ii. For the candidates who are appearing for Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air force Academy written test comprising of English, General Knowledge and Elementary mathematics subjects and for candidates who are appearing for officers training academy the written test comprising of English and General Knowledge.

    iii. Candidates who are declared successful in the written exam will be detailed for intelligence and personality test at the Service Selection Board based on their preference, by the respective service HQ.

    (A) For Admission to Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy:

    SUBJECT MAXIMUM DURATION MAXIMUM MARKS
    English 2 Hours 100
    General Knowledge 2 Hours 100
    Elementary Mathematics 2 Hours 100

    (B) For Admission to Officers’ Training Academy:

    SUBJECT MAXIMUM DURATION MAXIMUM MARKS
    English 2 Hours 100
    General Knowledge 2 Hours 100

    The maximum marks allotted to the written examination and to the interviews will be equal for each course. i.e the maximum marks allotted to the written examination and to the interviews will be 300, 300, 300 and 200 each for admission to the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Officers Training Academy respectively. The papers in all the subjects will consists of objective type questions only. The question papers of General Knowldege and Elementary Mathematics will be set bilingually in Hindi as well as English.

    In the question papers, wherever necessary, questions involving the metric system of Weighs and Measures only will be set.

    2. Intelligence & Personality Test:

    The candidates who are selected in written test are called for interview. The SSB procedure consists of two stage selection process-Stage I and Stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for Stage II.

    a. Stage I comprises of Officers Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception Description Test (P&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on combination of performance in QIR Test and PP and DT.

    b. Stage II comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officers Tasks, Psychology Tests and the conference. These testes are conducted over 4 days .

    The personality of candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. the interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no seperate weightage for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test.


    NDA Exam Pattern Details

    NDA Eligibility Criteria: The Examination of the NDA (National Defence Academy) & ND (National Defence) is conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) twice in a year to recruit the candidates in Army, Navy & Air Force wings of National Defence Academy. Eligible candidates apply through online. The eligibility details of the UPSC NDA & NA exam are given below…

    1. Nationality:

    A candidate must be either be a

    (i) a citizen of India, or

    (ii). a subject of Bhutan, or

    (iii). a subject of Nepal, or

    (iv). a Tibetan refugee who came ovbet ot India before the 01 January , 1962 with the intention of spermanently settling in India, or

    (v). a Person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawim Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently setting in India. Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India. Certificate of eligibility will not, however, be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjetcs of Nepal.

    2. Age:

    Only Unmarried Male Candidates born not earlier than 2nd January, 2000 and not later than 1st January, 2003 are eligible.

    Sex:

    Only unmarried male candidates are eligible.

    3. Educational Qualifications:

    (i) For Army wing of National Defence Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

    (ii) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

    Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under 10+2 Pattern of School Education or equivalent examination can also apply for this examination.

    4. Physical Standards: Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (II).

    Note:

    A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academies of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply.

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